Arduino Leonardo: A programmable micro-controller that enables the user to control all sensors and chips included in the kit on their behalf.
Shield: Shield provides additional ports for voltage and Gnd which makes connecting more number of inputs and outputs easily.
Micro USB cable: Micro USB is used to program Arduino and also used to power it from computer when needed.
IR-Sensors: Sensors that use infrared light to monitor the surroundings. Can be used to alter the behaviour of robots based on their proximity to obstacles, to measure temperature, to send IR- signals and many more.
Ultra Sound Sensor: This sensor emits ultrasound waves and converts the feedback to an electrical signal that can be processed by the Arduino. Can be used to measure proximity to objects and whether or not they are approaching or not, measuring wind speed and direction, fluid levels in tanks, etc.
Touch Sensor: Touch Sensor is used to give sense of touch to the robot. A digital signal is sent to the Arduino through the output/signal pin of the sensor.
Driver IC: The driver IC is used to regulate current flow e.g. to power DC motors exactly the way you want. Can be easily controlled by the Arduino.
DC motors: Two electro-magnetically motors that can be used to move your robots around and that can be controlled by your Arduino.
Servo motor: A servomotor is a rotary actuator or linear actuator that allows for precise control of angular or linear position, velocity and acceleration.
9-Volt Battery Connector Cable: Used to connect any standard 9V-battery to the Arduino board to power itself and all connected electrical devices.
LED: LED means Light Emitting Diode which is used as an output, that emits light depending on the signal sent to it.
Buzzer: Buzzer is used to emit audible sound signals that can be triggered at any time.
Solar panel: Substitute for the battery to power the Arduino board and all connected electronic devices. Can be combined with the battery to increase amperage output.
Connectors: Connectors are used to connect different electrical components with the Arduino or with each other. They generally come in two different shapes:
- male-to-male: Having two protrusions on each end of the cable
- female-to-female: having intrusions on each end of the cable
- male-to-female: having one protrusion on one and the corresponding intrusion on the other
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